Why Myofascial Release Is An Effective Treatment for Myofascial Pain Syndrome
Myofascial pain syndrome is a chronic form of muscle pain. The pain of myofascial pain syndrome centers around sensitive points in your muscles called trigger points.
As the human race continues to drive itself to become more technologically advanced from one year to the next, and the pace of everyday life seems a continuum of accelerated hours and days, one should not wonder as to why we are becoming a pain ridden society. And while many seek relief in over the counter pills and physician prescribed medications that seem to fall short of their promised effects, many have become disillusioned by the aptitude of pharmaceuticals and have began to search out more effectual treatment methods. The methods and techniques involved in the treatment of myofascia have thus become ever more popular with those persons suffering with chronic pain.
When it comes to chronic pain, using the myofascial release method has proven an effective treatment. Manipulating the soft tissue of the myofascia, the treatment is used to impede somatic dysfunction, which is causative of pain and restriction of motion within the body. Inclusive in this method of treatment is the continual feedback through palpitation techniques causing the release of tension in myofascial tissues relaxing these tissues, thus relieving the pain associated. Accomplished by overcoming the constraining action, or “guarding” action of the specific area, and relaxing the contracted muscles, this myofascial treatment stimulates the circulation, lymphatic depletion, and the stretch reflex of the muscles as well as that of the corresponding fascia.
Fascia, the soft overlying connective tissue, provides a support system protecting the structures and the muscles within the body. Fascia can become constrained due to something termed as “psychogenic disease.” This malady is caused by any number of various traumas, infections, and overuse or over stimulation of the muscles, or prolonged inactivity, and is resultant in sometimes-severe pain, painful muscle tension, and compromised blood flow. Myofascial release affects the fascia as well as its corresponding muscles and connective tissues, when instituted in one of two techniques used in myofascial release treatments. These treatment methods are best known as direct or indirect.
Using the direct myofascial release method engages the myofascial tissue’s restrictive blocking mechanism, using the application of constant tissue pressure until the tissue submits and release has occurred. The therapist will use the hard surfaces of his or her hands including the knuckles, and/or his or her elbows and various other tools to slowly stretch the constrained fascia by applying steady and direct pressure. This method causes changes in the myofascia while stretching and elongating the fascia itself. It is paramount in this method of treatment that slow and deliberate employment is used, thus allowing this method to have the necessary effectual change in the deeper tissues.
While the direct method of treatment is somewhat more firm in its application, and the indirect method tends to be less assertive in its approach, the methods of execution for both direct and indirect treatments are relatively identical. Using only lightly applied pressure, the indirect method allows the fascia to relax more slowly and gently, causing the offending tissues to release its resistance until free movement has occurred. The gentle friction, being applied to the constrained fascia, produces heat, thus increases blood flow into the offending area, which is key to the release of tension. This allows the body to, in essence, “self correct”, eliminating associated pain and effecting superlative performance of the body’s mechanisms.
These methods of myofascial treatment have a stretching effect on the areas being manipulated. While these treatments are being applied in one area of the body, often the effect can be felt and will beneficially affect other areas of the body. An aside inherit to the release of myofascial restrictions is the influence on the body’s internal organs, allowing them to function more normally for the release of tension in the entire myofascia.
While myofascial release techniques work, the reasons why these methods of treatment is so effective is yet to be fully understood. However, many people have found great relief having used these treatment methods to stymie the chronic pain that seemed an indelible fixture in their lives. With chronic pain becoming an ever more present malady suffered by more and more people in this day of fast paced, time-framed, stress inducing life, the treatment of the myofascail area of the human body will surely continue to see growth in the future.
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